When it comes to keeping beautiful fishes in aquariums, alluring goldfish breeds are the first that come to people’s minds. These fishes are considered more robust than other fish and are often seen as starter pets for owners and beginner pets for children. It can highlight your aquarium and these peaceful classical gold fishes can be your rewarding pets.

The fancy beautiful goldfish is a perfect choice for you if you want to add unique and interesting fish to your aquarium. This breed is a unique combination of dazzling beautiful colors, its graceful swimming, and majestic fins, make it famous all over the world. It is also a perfect package for expert aquarists and beginners because goldfish is a low-maintenance fish. In this comprehensive guide, you will delve deep into the unique and captivating varieties of goldfish. This one is the right place for you if you are eager to explore the enchanting world of beautiful fancy fishes.

A Look Into the Exquisite Varieties of Goldfish

Goldfish is a native to East Asia and belongs to the family of crap. This variety comes in a wide range of patterns and colors and is usually found in the collaboration of bright orange-gold colors. It is a unique breed of many sizes patterns, tail types fin configurations, colors, and body shapes. Following is the list of beautiful breeds of goldfish;

Ranchu Goldfish

Ranchu Goldfish

In Japan, between 1853 to 1889 ranchu goldfish evolved through crossbreeding experiments. The experiment was conducted between the species of head goldfish and Chinese lion in Japan.

The length of this fish is short, with no dorsal fin, unique double-fantail on a sharp angle inward at the base, deep belly, egg-shaped body, and distinct curve on top. Its head has aka helmet, similar to a wen, fleshy growth, with different sizes. There is a range of colors present in this breed including blue, black, calico-style, white, gold, and red color with different scales. One of the rare variation features that is found in this breed is bright red color heads and pale-yellow bodies. It is a symbol of positive attributes and harmony in Japan and is famous for the title of “king of goldfish”.

Common namesMaruko Buffalo-head goldfish  Dutch worm
Average Size of Fish  13-20 cm (5-8 in)
Total Lifespan8-15 years
Colors  Calico, gold, black and white
Estimated Minimum Tank Size30 gallons for one

Black Moor Goldfish

Black Moor Goldfish

The origin of black moor goldfish is from China (1700s). it is a breed variant that evolved from the telescope goldfish. This fish can be found in a range of colors including bronze, sometimes with orange patches or in black. The body features are like a deep-bodied fish with protruding, shimmery scales, a double-finned tail metallic, and round eyes. Its body resembles the fantail goldfish and fan-shaped tail present in the original black moor. In 2018, this fish displayed on a commemorative postage stamp in Mozambique

Common Names  Black telescope goldfish Black peony goldfish Dragon eye goldfish, Moor Black demekin, Blackamoor
Average SizeUp to 10-20 cm (4-8 in)  
Total LifespanUp to 10-15 years
ColorSolid black or bronze  Gold or orange patches
Estimated Minimum Tank Size20 gallons

Bubble Eye Goldfish

Bubble Eye Goldfish

In 1908, this unique variety of bubble-eye goldfish originated in China. This breed of fish is similar to the celestial goldfish or with Prussian carp due to its unique bubble sacs beneath the eyes. The sacs of the fish can be easily deflated but can be healed by again refill of liquid in it. Bubble-eye fish cannot see clearly due to their sacs. It also varies in size.

It has no dorsal fin, a round-shaped fish-like egg, and a double tail. This breed comes in a wide range of solid colors and also has a dark spot or a feature of a calico-like pattern. The fish’s eye bubbles produce jiggle during swimming. It is believed by scientists that this bubble fluid has growth-stimulating properties like human cells.

Average Size  Up to 10-12 cm (4-5 in)
Total LifespanUp to 6-15 years
Colors RangeOrange, red, calico or brown, white, gold  
Estimated Minimum Tank Size20 gallons
FeatureBubble eye

Oranda Goldfish

Oranda Goldfish

Oranda goldfish evolved by the cross-breeding of the ryukin variety with head-lump mutation. Its origin is China. In between 1789-1800, through Ryukyu, it comes into Nagasaki Prefecture from China. This species is also very famous by the name of ‘oranda shishigashira,’ which means ‘Dutch Lion Head.’ This name is given to this breed because its lump is similar to the lion’s head. Due to its isolation policy this, rare species trade is also well-known by the name of ‘Dutch goods’. Its body has a head lump, two smaller sets of dorsal and belly fins, and a long, quadruple tail. This breed can be found in a wide range of colors and its metallic scales give a shimmery appearance.

Here is the list of some variations of Oranda goldfish;

  • Azuma Nishiki
  • Telescope-eye oranda
  • Blue oranda
  • Hana fusa or pompom orand
  • Panda oranda
  • Nagate oranda
  • Apache oranda
  • Chakin or chocolate oranda
  • Seibungyo or seibun
  • Ingot oranda
  • Black oranda
  • Jade seal oranda
Common Names:    Holland lion mask  Netherlands lion head Oranda shishigashira Dutch lion head
Average SizeUp to 17-30 cm (7-12 in), max: 38 cm (15 in)  
Total LifespanUp to 8-15 years, max: 20 years
ColorShimmering orange or yellow  
Estimated Minimum Tank Size30 gallons for one

Lionhead Goldfish

Lionhead Goldfish

The lionhead goldfish is similar to the Chinese lion-dog species that originated in China. In the 17th and 18th centuries, it came into Japan with some modifications like smaller head growth, rounded backs, and different tails with the same lifespan and size. It is also found in a variety of colors like white, blue, black, orange chocolate, golden, black, red, white patches, black, and calico combinations, and white with a hint of orange.

This breed has protruding metallic matte scales. It has a lack of dorsal fin in the back and has a rounded hump. Its shape is raspberry with a double caudal fin that catches the eyes of every aquarist. It is slow swimmer fish.

Average Size  Usually 12-20 cm (5-8 in), Max: 25 cm (10 in)
Total LifespanMostly up to 15 years, Max: up to 20 years  
ColorOrange, red-white, blue, black-white, black-red, and orange-white patches, white with orange hints, chocolate, golden, black, calico, red, white,
Estimated Minimum Tank Size:20 gallons for one, 50 gallons for the community
FeaturesMetallic scales, redberry shape

Fantail Goldfish

Fantail goldfish is very popular for its specific traits, and it is a species of selective breeding. It is remarkably distinct from wild carp relatives. This breed also has a variety of colors like metallic blue, yellow, white, black, and orange and has calico patterns. This egg-shaped body of fish has a single tall, arched dorsal fin, split double tail fins, button or small telescope eyes with no shoulder hump. Different little variations are also displayed like a slightly enlarged head or a taller body. The main feature of the tail fin is that it forms a fan shape from the sides and a triangle from above. It’s an ideal choice for beginners because it is incredibly easy to care for and handle.

 Common Name  Double-tail goldfish
Average SizeUp to 15-20 cm (6-8 in) in the tank, 25-30 cm (10-12 in) in the pond  
Total LifespanTypically, 5-10 years. Max: 15-20 years
ColorOrange, red, white, yellow, black, metallic blue, calico
Estimated Minimum Tank Size:20 gallons for one
FeaturesFan shape tail, Arched dorsal fin, egg-shaped body

Red Telescope Goldfish

Red Telescope Goldfish

In the early 1700s, Red Telescope Goldfish was evolved by the ryukin mutation, a breed of China. It is also famous for the name of dragon eye or dragonfish. Later on, Japan refined this species which was called by the name of demekin.

Its body features are protruding eyes on long stalks that have a length of 3/4 inch. It also has a little forked tail fin and, a round body with a stubby appearance. This breed also has a wide range of solid colors like chocolate, white, black, red, blue, bi colored options as well. Variations in tails are also found in this breed like standard split, butterfly tails, long flowing, veil, and broad tail. It is very famous due to its comical appearance which resembles fish wearing “telescopic” glasses.

Some variants of Red Telescope goldfish;

  • Blackmoor
  • Panda Telescope
  • white telescope,
  • other lesser famous breeds like red, orange, and yellow telescopes
 Common Names  Demekin, globe eye goldfish, dragon eye goldfish, red telescope
Average SizeUp to 10-20 cm (5-8 in) usually, Max: 20 cm (8 in)  
Total lifespanUp to 10-15 years usually, Max: 25 years  
ColorsWhite, red, blue, or chocolate and black  
Estimated Minimum Tank Size20 gallons for one
FeaturesForktail fin, telescopy eye

Celestial Eye Goldfish

Celestial Eye Goldfish

The celestial eye goldfish was evolved by the mutations of the variety of red telescope breeds. It was created in China around 1870. The earlier breed has the feature of eyes on its top head. Later on, this generation got permanently fixed upward-facing eyes. The body features an egg-shaped boy, caudal fins, double anal, small size, metallic scales. It has no dorsal fins which makes it a slow swimmer. The length of the tail is long equal to the body length.

Some fascinating sub-varieties of celestial eye goldfish are given as follows;

  • British breed with shorter fins, deeper-bodied celestials
  • A Chinese-breed hybrid of lion heads and celestials, pompoms and ranchus
  • Deme-ranchu with the beautiful features of telescopic eyes
  • Bubble eye goldfish and toad head – ancestors to the celestial eye

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Common Names      stargazer goldfish and Celestial goldfish
Average SizeUp to 12.7 to 15.2 cm (5 to 6 in)  
Total LifespanGenerally, 10 to 15 years, exceptionally up to 20 years
Colors of breedOrange, white, red, gold, bicolor  
Estimated Minimum Tank Size10 gallons for one fish

Pearlscale Goldfish

Pearlscale Goldfish

The pearl scale goldfish has a thick central pearl-like scale covering of calcium deposits and originated in Japan in the 1950s. its body features have translucent fins, plump heads, round body shapes, dorsal fin, and a well-established split tail fin. This breed has a diversity of colors like chocolate, white, calico, red, orange, and translucent fins of black-and-white combinations. It is a very famous breed due to its unique body shape and scales.

Some variants of pearlscale goldfish are given below;

  • Aka high-head pearl scales
  • Hama Nishiki may (bubble-like head growth (wen))
  • Crown pearl scales
 Common NamesGolfball pearlscale and Ping pong pearlscale
Average SizeUp to 10-15 cm (4-6 in) usually, Max: 25 cm (10 in)
Total lifespanUsually up to 10-15 years, Max: 20 years
Colors of breedWhite, orange, calico, red, chocolate, black and red and white combination  
Estimated Minimum Tank Size30 gallons for one, an extra 10 gallons per additional fish
FeaturesPearl scale, translucent fins, plump head

Veiltail Goldfish

Veiltail Goldfish

Veiltail goldfish breed is a crossbreed of square-tailed telescope eye goldfish with a Japanese-bred fringe-tail ryukin that originated in Philadelphia (1890).

The egg-shaped body feature has large protruding eyes, a round belly, a wide head, an elegant square-edged double tail without splits, and beautiful indents between the lobes. The anal fins are in pair and the dorsal fins are prominent. The maximum length of the fin is 3 inches. This breed can be found in orange and red colors with dark or white patches. The nacreous scales are usually in the colors of metallic and matte.

Two famous variants of Veiltail goldfish are;

  • Chinese veiltail
  • Philadelphia veiltails
Average Size  Typically, up to 18 cm (7 in). Max: 25 cm (10 in)
Total LifespanUp to 10-15 years
Colors of breedRed, white, calico, orange, and many more  
Estimated Minimum Tank Size30 gallons for one
FeaturesAnal fins, elegant square edge double tail  

Conclusion

A small aquarium of fish in the home gives a visually appealing appearance, offers tranquility, provides endless entertainment, and reduces mental stress. The breed of fancy goldfish is delightful and requires low maintenance in its management. Goldfish are the domestic breed, intelligent active, and motivated by the food. They can be trained for the performance of lovely little tricks. whether you’re a beginner or an expert, the beautiful breeds of goldfish are for everyone. You can easily manage it on a huge pond or a little aquarium. This informative guide is for a fish lover who wants to learn about the famous different types of unique and fancy goldfish breeds.

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